Sunday, May 24, 2020

Theory Choice And Rationale Nightingales Grand Theory

Theory Choice and Rationale â€Å"Apprehension, uncertainty, waiting, expectation, fear of surprise, do a patient more harm than any exertion. Remember he is face to face with his enemy all the time, internally wrestling with him† (Nightingale, 1992, p. 22). Fortunately, in the nineteenth century, Florence Nightingale recognized uncertainty could cause harm to her patients (Nightingale, 1992). Equally important to the nursing profession are the nursing theorists, their work, and the evolution of the theories that followed Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing (Alligood, 2014). This paper will apply Nightingale’s grand theory, Merle Mishel’s uncertainty in illness theory, and Madeleine Leininger’s culture care theory to multiple sclerosis (MS) research and practice (Alligood, 2014). Nursing is a complex art and science (Joel, 2006). Consequently, one nursing theory does not fit every patient’s need. While nursing theories encompass many different beliefs, policies, and procedures, nurses choose from many theories and can utilize some, all, or none of the concepts from each theory. Furthermore, nursing theory provides nurses with principles and helps generate further nursing knowledge (Alligood, 2014). To gain a better understanding multiple sclerosis in practice and theory, Merle Mishel’s uncertainty in illness theory will be compared and contrasted to Florence Nightingale and Madeleine Leininger’s theories. Nightingale’s grand theory, Mishel’s middle rangeShow MoreRelated_x000C_Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis355457 Words   |  1422 Pagesuse of simulation as a tool for estimating probabilities. For those who prefer a briefer and more informal treatment of probability, the book Statistics: The Exploration and Analysis of Data, by Roxy Peck and Jay Devore, may be a more appropriate choice. Except for the treatment of probability and the omission of the Graphing Calculator Explorations, it parallels the material in this text. Please contact your sales rep for more information about this alternative and other alternative customized options

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Analysis Of The Cartoon I See Characters Like Uncle Sam

In the cartoon, I see characters like Uncle Sam, the recently acquired territories of the Philippines, Hawaii, Puerto Rico, and Cuba. Next, I see other states and territories that were acquired earlier like California, Texas, Mexico, Arizona, and Alaska. Lastly, I see African American, Native American, and China. The symbols and actions that the artist employs in the political cartoon is the racist exaggeration. First, the classroom symbolizes reform for new territories to be more civilized and self-govern themselves based on the U.S. government standards. Second, Uncle Sam (i.e. the U.S. government) the schoolmaster leaning forward behind his desk with a pointer (rod) lecturing to new territories that â€Å"you’ve got to learn these lessons†¦show more content†¦Seventh, symbolism a plaque above the door states â€Å"The Confederate States refused their consent to be governed, but the union was preserved without their consent.† Eighth symbolism is the Native American child wearing his tribal feathers on his head as well as a blanket wrapped around his shoulders trying to read an â€Å"ABC† book upside down by the door. Ninth symbolism is the Chinese child wearing native clothing holding a book walking towards the classroom. Tenth final symbolism is the African American child wearing well-dressed clothes with a goofy look on his face washing a window behind Uncle Sam. The cartoon raises issues of dominance, racist bias, and paternalism. These issues were used to legitimize the rise in imperialism during this political cartoon. First issues were dominance because of influence over the states and territories (i.e. California, Texas, Mexico, Arizona and Alaska) that the U.S. has had for a while now are labeled â€Å"the modeled students† that eventually became civilized. The second issue was racist bias because of â€Å"the model students† are portrayed as white, perpetuating the idea that White-Americans superiority was more civilized and governed better. However, dark-skinned people have portrayed two different ways. For example, African Americans and Native Americans were portrayed stupid because one had aShow MoreRelatedThe Dilemma Of Walt Disney3251 Words   |  14 Pagesvolunteer during World War I (Warner, 2014) . But he is most commonly known as a cartoonist, filmmaker, amusement park designer, and one of the most innovated business men of the 20 th century (The Imagineers, 2010) . Walt Disney had a natural artistic talent to draw from the time he was a young boy, but he didn’t start as a great business man. Before moving to California, and before starting Disney Studios, he lived in Kansas City and worked for a couple of cartoon creators for a short amountRead MoreMedia Propaganda9887 Words   |  40 Pageselection, or messages encouraging persons to report crimes to the police, among others. history : Propaganda has been a human activity as far back as reliable recorded evidence exists. TheBehistun Inscription  (c. 515 BC) detailing the rise of  Darius I  to the  Persian  throne is viewed by most historians as an early example of propaganda.[16]  The  Arthashastra  written by  Chanukah (c. 350 - 283 BC), a professor of  political science  at  Takshashila University  and a prime minister of the  Maurya Empire  in  ancientRead MoreService Marketing-Pizza Hut13362 Words   |  54 Pages[Year] IBS Administrator [PIZZA HUT: AN ANALYSIS OF SERVICES] Submitted to: Prof. K.C. Prakash Submitted By: Pallavi (07BS2758) â€Æ' Table of Contents Company Profile †¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.02 Industry profile†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦10 Major competitors profile†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦13 Literature review†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦.20 Marketing Mix Analysis†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦..23 Marketing Mix Of Competitors†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Ã¢â‚¬ ¦Read MoreLogical Reasoning189930 Words   |  760 PagesCalifornia USA in 1993 with ISBN number 0-534-17688-7. When Wadsworth decided no longer to print the book, they returned their publishing rights to the original author, Bradley Dowden. The current version has been significantly revised. If you would like to suggest changes to the text, the author would appreciate your writing to him at iv Praise Comments on the earlier 1993 edition, published by Wadsworth Publishing Company, which is owned by Cengage Learning: There isRead MoreFundamentals of Hrm263904 Words   |  1056 Pagesbetter study smarter save money From multiple study paths, to self-assessment, to a wealth of interactive visual and audio resources, WileyPLUS gives you everything you need to personalize the teaching and learning experience.  » F i n d o u t h ow t o M A K E I T YO U R S  » ALL THE HELP, RESOURCES, AND PERSONAL SUPPORT YOU AND YOUR STUDENTS NEED! 2-Minute Tutorials and all of the resources you your students need to get started StudentRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesLibrary of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Robbins, Stephen P. Organizational behavior / Stephen P. Robbins, Timothy A. Judge. — 15th ed. p. cm. Includes indexes. ISBN-13: 978-0-13-283487-2 ISBN-10: 0-13-283487-1 1. Organizational behavior. I. Judge, Tim. II. Title. HD58.7.R62 2012 658.3—dc23 2011038674 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 ISBN 10: 0-13-283487-1 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-283487-2 Brief Contents Preface xxii 1 2 Introduction 1 What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The Individual Read MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 Pagesindex. ISBN 978-0-13-612100-8 1. Management—-Study and teaching. 2. Management—Problems, exercises, etc. Kim S. II. Title. HD30.4.W46 2011 658.40071 173—dc22 I. Cameron, 2009040522 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 ISBN 10: 0-13-612100-4 ISBN 13: 978-0-13-612100-8 B R I E F TA B L E O F C O N T E N T S Preface xvii Introduction 1 PART I 1 2 3 PERSONAL SKILLS 44 Developing Self-Awareness 45 Managing Personal Stress 105 Solving Problems Analytically and Creatively 167 PART II 4Read MoreProject Mgmt296381 Words   |  1186 PagesLeadership Chapter 2 Organization Strategy and Project Selection 1.4 Projects and programs (.2) 1.4.1 Managing the portfolio 1.4.3 Strategy and projects 2.3 Stakeholders and review boards 12.1 RFP’s and vendor selection (.3.4.5) SWAT analysis Schedule compression Leadership skills G.1 Project leadership 10.1 Stakeholder management Chapter 11 Teams Chapter 3 Organization: Structure and Culture 2.4.1 Organization cultures [G.7] 2.4.2 Organization structureRead MoreIncome Taxation Solutions Manual 1 300300 Words   |  1202 Pagesof the other assets substituted for the property transferred out. While certain steps could be taken to perhaps alleviate this problem, they are rather complex and beyond the scope of this question (see section 55). However, by tracing the process of moving out the land and building, the student will see the roadblocks that appear. A much simpler approach is to transfer the business assets (inventory, equipment and goodwill) to a separate entity (new corporation or partnership) that is owned by the

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Realtionship Nora and Torvald †a Dolls House Free Essays

The relationship between the two main characters of Nora and Helmer in â€Å"A Doll’s House† are established through the dialogue and stage directions which take place in Act One. The relationship is very representative of the time period in which it is set, Helmer, the husband is the head of the household and is the most important in the family status he controls the family’s lifestyle according to his own views. In order to convey Torvald’s authority in the relationship, Ibsen uses first person possessive pronouns, for example, ‘Is that my little squirrel frisking about? , the use of ‘my’ reflects the ownership that Torvald has over Nora, this links to the ideologies of society at the time were a man owned his wife in the relationship and that a man Just as the pre-modifying adjective ‘little’ undermines Nora’s authority in their relationship and emphasises his power over her. We will write a custom essay sample on Realtionship Nora and Torvald – a Dolls House or any similar topic only for you Order Now Ibsen also depicts the idea that Nora is in Torvald’s household for his own enjoyment by referring to her as a pet, ‘My pretty little pet is very sweet but it runs away with an awful lot of money’, To him, she is only a possession. Torvald calls Nora by pet-names and speaks down to her because he thinks that she is not intelligent and that she can not think on her own. Whenever she begins to voice an opinion Torvald quickly drops the pet-names and insults her as a women through comments like; â€Å"worries that you couldn’t possibly help me with,† and â€Å"Nora, Nora, just like a woman. â€Å"(1565) Torvald is a typical husband in his society. He denied Nora the right to think and act the way she wished. He required her to act like an imbecile and insisted upon the rightness of his view in all matters. The relationship between the two main characters of Nora and Helmer in â€Å"A Dolls House† are established through the diologue and stage directions which take place in Act One. The relationship between the characters is quite simplistic, derived from the 1870s time period in which it is set. Helmer, the husband is the head of the household and is the most important in the family status, he controls the families lifestyle according to his own views. This is depicted through Helmer’s actions and diologue towards Nora. Nora has respect for her husband and â€Å"goes cautiously to her husbands door and listens† rather than disturb him to find out if he his home. She also listens to his advice and tries to include him in her everyday chores â€Å"Come see what vie bought†. Helmer treats her as a child calling her â€Å"scatter brain† and â€Å"my lost squirrel† giving the impression of ownership, and that she is in ‘his’ household for his enjoyment. Throughout the scene Helmer continues to use pet names such as â€Å"feather brain† and â€Å"sulking squirrel† which undermine Nora’s authority in their relationship and emphasis his power over her. When Nora arrives home from shopping in town Helmer asks â€Å"has featherbrain been out wasting money again†, making Nora appear as a foolish girl who has no knowledge of money and that she spends it unknowingly, which shows Hemler’s perception of her. Helmer’s controlling relationship is also shown through their discussion of money early on in Act 1. Although both have conflicting ideas on spending money at christmas time, Nora eventually gives in to his opinion â€Å"very well if you say so†. This emphasizes how she adapts to suit his point of view even though she disagrees with the idea herself. She obeys and changes her own opinions to match Helmer’s showing that she has no way to stand up to defend her own beliefs in the relationship, meaning that her own views are forgotten and ignored. Helmer believes he is superior and that he must â€Å"protect her† as she is so delicate and unexperienced that he must decide all of the aspects of her life without consulting her, he appears to dictate his opinions to her â€Å"no debts, no borrowing†, his views soon become the reality and laws of the household as Nora replies to him that she â€Å"would never do anything you didn’t like† . Helmer’s protective and controlling nature lead to his ideas being imposed on Nora through their relationship despite her beliefs, leaving no room for confliction. Which causes Noras’ deception from Helmer, rather than telling him the truth which he will not accept, she decides to hide information from him. This means that although they are married, their relationship is not very deep and meaningful, since Helmer doesn’t consult the details of their lifestyle with Nora, which means she cannot express her ideas and show her traits through their lifestyle and therefore she has no knowledge of law or the world around her. This is highlighted when Helmer asks Nora what she wants as a present, rather than giving her a surprise. Showing that he has no knowledge of her interests as their duties to the family are completely separate. However Helmer seems to be infatuated by her in the play as he â€Å"follows her† around the kitchen and talks to her, showing that he is in love with her. Helmer depicts her as a lover and yet he is unable to consult with her the issues of their married life, leaving her no concerns and no knowledge of law or the world around her. Which leads to the deterioration of their relationship as Nora discovers she needs to express herself and therefore seeks to escape the stifling confines of his opinions. How to cite Realtionship Nora and Torvald – a Dolls House, Essay examples

Monday, May 4, 2020

Structure and Function of Gastrointestinal Tract

Question: Describe about the Essay for Structure and Function of Gastrointestinal Tract? Answer: The gastrointestinal tract is one of the major organ systems which is responsible for consumption, digestion, absorption of food for nutrition as well as excretion of waste from the body. The system is divided into upper and lower gastrointestinal tracts. It starts from the mouth and ends at the anus (Sherwood 2015). Mouth The first organ of the gastro intestinal tract is the mouth, where the digestion process starts at the time of taking the first bite of food. With the help of teeth and tongue, chewing breaks down food particles into smaller pieces, saliva is mixed with food, making it more feasible for engulfed and absorbed. Esophagus The next part in GI tract is esophagus, the food tract located after mouth and extended to the stomach. It receives food consumed in mouth after swallowing through the series of muscular contractions known as peristalsis and its major function is to bring the food to the stomach (Gropper and Smith 2012). Stomach The next organ in the gastrointestinal tract is stomach, one of the key organs of digestion. It is like a hollow organ containing enzymes for breaking down the received food particles into simpler compounds to be absorbed in small intestine. The cells residing in the lining of the stomach wall secrete digestive enzyme including hydrochloric acid which is responsible for breaking down food. After sufficient processing of food, the digested food is released into the small intestine. Small Intestine In small intestine, the assimilation of food is done. The small intestine is a long muscular tube, consist of three segments known as the duodenum, jejunum and ileum. Here the food received from the stomach is further broken down into smaller components by the use of the enzyme from pancreas and bile salt from the liver. Here the duodenum has a major role in breaking substances in a continuous motion aligning with the peristalsis. In contrast, the jejunum and ileum are responsible for absorbing nutrients from the food into the blood stream. After absorption of the nutrients, the undigested food particles are passed through the small intestine and moves to the colon of the large intestine (Kopf-Bolanz et al. 2012). Large Intestine Large intestine or colon is a 6 feet long muscular tube consisting cecum, rectum and anal canal. The waste food particles left over after absorption in the small intestine; it is passed into the colon, where water is removed and stored into S-shaped in solid form. Bacteria in the large intestine process the waste products by synthesizing vitamins and protecting from harmful bacteria. Then the stool is passed into the rectum. It holds stool, as the chamber becomes full of stool, the process of excretion begins. The last part of the digestive tract is a 2-inch long canal known as the anus, its upper lining can detect rectal contents and it is surrounded by sphincter muscles for controlling stool (Underwood 2012). Accessory organs The accessory includes pancreas, liver and gallbladder and spleen. Pancreas secretes digestive enzymes into the small intestine for breaking down food and insulin in the bloodstream for metabolizing sugar. Liver secretes bile salt into small intestine required for digesting fat. The liver detoxifies harmful chemicals and drugs. The gallbladder is small container storing and concentrating bile and releases into the duodenum. Reference List Gropper, S. and Smith, J., 2012.Advanced nutrition and human metabolism. Cengage Learning. Kopf-Bolanz, K.A., Schwander, F., Gijs, M., Vergres, G., Portmann, R. and Egger, L., 2012. Validation of an in vitro digestive system for studying macronutrient decomposition in humans.The Journal of nutrition,142(2), pp.245-250. Sherwood, L., 2015.Human physiology: from cells to systems. Cengage learning. Underwood, E., 2012.Trace elements in human and animal nutrition 4e. Elsevier.

Saturday, March 28, 2020

English literature unit 1 assignment 2 Essay Example

English literature unit 1 assignment 2 Essay The women in Spies are mainly presented through the eyes of the younger Stephan, whose growing maturity means that his views often change throughout the novel. It is important to note that his views may be mixed due to the nature of the main women in the text; Mrs Hayward and Barbara Berrill; they do not portray the typical attitudes of women in the 1940 era.Stephens particular attention to Mrs Hayward when comparing their families greatness to his own is important, because it shows early on that he notices things about women that he finds particularly remarkable; this is apparent when the older Stephan ponders whether his younger self would have perceived the grace and sincerity of Keiths mother quite so clearly if his own hadnt spent most of the day in a faded apron, sighing and anxious? It is clear that Stephen admires Mrs Hayward for her social appearance amongst the women of the era. The attention to details of Mrs Hayward such as her perfectly plucked eyebrows is a clear indica tion that the admiration of her by Stephan soon turns to fixation as he steps into the world of adolescence, she represents the older woman out of reach.Although Frayn frequently portrays Stephens dislike of women, there are many contradictions where he is showing affection for them; particularly Mrs Hayward and Barbara. Stephens first introduction of Barbara is very negative and dismissive. He introduces her as one of the children in the close, she is beneath our notice, sly and treacherous as most girls are. When she enters the den Stephen is shocked and outraged that she crossed the line into the boys world. As her presence in the den continues theres a difference in Stephen as he begins to accept that mankind and womankind are related.As Stephen enters adolescence he begins to notice things about Barbara, that as of her first visit to the den changed. Frayn tries to make this clear by the in depth, positive descriptions of her, even when Stephen protested he didnt like her. Ther es something girlishly self satisfying about the bobliness of the leather and the shininess of the purse that offends me almost as much as her intrusion.Frayns theme of domination in the text is well expressed through his presentation of the women in the text. We have Barbaras superiority over Stephan. An example of her intellectual superiority is when she was mocking Stephen, you mean you dont know what privet is? she exerts her physical superiority over Stephen when she effortlessly pushes him over and pins him down to get a look into the basket. Similarly Mrs Hayward, as Barbara did, recognises the mistake made by Keith about the spelling of the sign very thoughtful of you chaps to put that label on it, meaning that she believes that the boys merely labelled the hedge. She also expresses her control over Stephen, making it clear to him that she controls his friendship with Keith, I dont want to have to stop him seeing you. It is made obvious that she is very persuasive. When she is in need of something from Stephen, she uses persuasive language to encourage him to trust her so you see Im trusting you, Im putting you on your honour, this is to the point and forceful but in a soft tone that Stephen can find calming, something that he wont fear but admire.In contradiction the women also show weakness. Barbara shows signs of submissiveness when her mother calls her in and threatens her if shes late. When Keiths father comes to talk to Stephen, Barbara also shows fear as she cowers away. The biggest example of submissive behaviour from the women in the story are that of Mrs Hayward; on the surface she is an assertive, well presented woman who takes pride in her appearance physically and communally. But beneath the surface is a maze of physical abuse and male dominance. As the first signs of domestic abuse within the Hayward house become apparent, the reader is convinced that Mr Hayward is a dominant and unpleasant individual. Stephen notices that on occasions Mr s Hayward is made up more heavily than usual and wears high cravats that cover her neck, probably to cover any visible signs of abuse.In conclusion Frayn portrays the women in the text as superior mentally and intellectually to the males. However it is also important to see them as submissive, it plays a large role within the text. In my opinion this technique used by frayn of having the aspects of the women tells the story, brings the concepts of modern and olden day living together. This creates realism for the reader to develop and create a mental picture of what may have gone on with the women during this time within the story.

Saturday, March 7, 2020

Test-Optional Colleges that Dont Require SATs

Test-Optional Colleges that Dont Require SATs If you got low SAT scores or low ACT scores, or if you simply didnt take the exam in time for application deadlines, realize that hundreds of test-optional colleges do not require entrance exams as part of their admissions applications. The list below is just a sampling of the roughly 850 four-year colleges that do not require the SAT or ACT. I have, however, included most of the highly selective schools that dont require scores. To see a complete list, visit the FairTest website. Also be sure to check out my list of 20 Great Colleges for Students with Low SAT Scores. Colleges dont use test scores for many reasons. Some technical schools, music schools and art schools dont see the ACT and SAT as good measures of the types of skills they require. Other schools recognize that the SAT and ACT limit their applicant pools and give an unfair advantage to students from schools or families that can afford test prep courses. You will also find on the FairTest list that many schools with strong religious affiliations do not require standardized tests. Admissions policies change frequently, so check with each school for the latest testing guidelines. Also, realize that some of the schools below are test-optional only for students who meet certain GPA or class rank requirements. Schools that dont require the ACT or SAT for some or all applicants American UniversityArizona State University at TempeArkansas State UniversityAustin Peay State UniversityBard CollegeBates CollegeBennington CollegeBowdoin CollegeCalifornia State University at Bakersfield, Chico, Dominguez Hills, East Bay, Fresno, Fullerton, Long Beach, Los Angeles, Monterey Bay, Northridge, Sacramento, San Bernardino, San Marcos, and StanislausBrandeis UniversityBryn Mawr CollegeClark UniversityCollege of the AtlanticCollege of the Holy CrossConnecticut CollegeDenison UniversityDePaul UniversityDickinson CollegeDrew UniversityEast Tennessee State UniversityEastern Kentucky UniversityFairfield UniversityFranklin and Marshall CollegeFurman UniversityGeorge Mason UniversityGettysburg CollegeGoddard CollegeGoucher CollegeGuilford CollegeGustavus Adolphus CollegeHampshire CollegeHobart and William Smith CollegesHofstra UniversityIllinois CollegeIndiana State UniversityIthaca CollegeJuniata CollegeKansas State University (scores required for out-of-state applicants)Kings College Knox CollegeLake Forest CollegeLawrence UniversityLewis Clark CollegeLoyola College in MarylandMarist CollegeMiddle Tennessee State UniversityMiddlebury College (SAT2 required if SAT1 is not used)Minnesota State UniversityMount Holyoke CollegeMuhlenberg CollegeNazareth CollegeNew School (scores required for some programs)Northern Arizona UniversityOhio State University at ATI Wooster, Mansfield, Marion, Newark (scores required for out-of-state applicants)Oklahoma State University, StillwaterOld Dominion UniversityPitzer CollegePresbyterian CollegeProvidence CollegeRobert Morris UniversityRoger Williams UniversityRollins CollegeSt. Johns College (Annapolis and Sante Fe)Sarah Lawrence CollegeSewanee: The University of the SouthSmith CollegeSouth Dakota State UniversityState University of New York at PotsdamStetson UniversityStonehill CollegeSusquehanna UniversityTemple UniversityUnion CollegeUniversity of Alaska at Anchorage, Fairbanks and SoutheastUniversity of ArizonaUniversity of A rkansas at Fortsmith, Little Rock, Monticello and Pine Bluff University of Idaho at MoscowUniversity of Kansas at LawrenceUniversity of Maine at Augusta, Farmington, Ft. Kent and Presque IsleUniversity of Minnesota at Crookston, Duluth and MorrisUniversity of MississippiUniversity of Montana at Missoula and WesternUniversity of Nebraska at Kearney and LincolnUniversity of Nevada at Las Vegas and RenoUniversity of Texas at Arlington, Brownsville, Dallas, El Paso, Pan American, San Antonio and TylerUrsinus CollegeWake Forest UniversityWashington CollegeWashington and Jefferson CollegeWesleyan UniversityWestern Kentucky UniversityWheaton College (MA)Wittenberg UniversityWhitworth UniversityWorcester Polytechnic Institute (WPI) When applying to schools, be sure to read their policies carefully. Some state schools on the list do require scores from out-of-state applicants. Other schools dont require scores for admissions, but they do use the scores for awarding academic scholarships.

Wednesday, February 19, 2020

Consumer's Shopping Experience Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words

Consumer's Shopping Experience - Essay Example Thus from the discussion we can arrive at the definitions of the three types of purchases. The low involvement purchase implies the buying process where the purchasers do not perceive the product to be crucial enough and do not relate with it strongly (, n.d.). In this type of purchase decision the customer puts the least effort in browsing, comparing and selecting activities. Example of low involvement purchase could be purchasing casual daily wear t-shirts. The medium involvement purchase implies the purchase of products like the grocery items like toothpaste and newspaper etc. that requires medium level of information gathering endeavor and the buyer attaches themselves with the product to a medium level. For a medium level product the buyer puts a moderate level of effort towards the browsing, comparing and selecting procedure. The high involvement purchase deals with high level of involvement of the customer with the product or service they are planning to purchase. These types of products or services are way more expensive than the medium and low involvement products. The time spent on the decision making process is the longest for the high involvement products. ... Among these categories chocolates, dairy products and ice-creams will be categorized as the high-involvement products, while the Purina pet care will be considered as the medium involvement purchase and the bottled water will be the low involvement purchase. Marketing strategies undertaken by the makers of Nestle would encourage the consumer to search for all the information regarding low involvement purchases, medium involvement purchases and high involvement purchases since the operations and activities of Nestle are quite transparent and all the information are available online. The consumers have the option to make the purchase online through the Nestle nutrition store. For a high involvement purchase the marketer must present some information regarding the product or service which the help the creation of an encouraging attitude for the brand that will consequently result in a purchase. The advertisements in this case should be focused on the factual significance. The problem re cognition state in this case reflects the doubt in the mind of the consumer regarding the purchase decision which can only be answered by the availability of detailed information related to price, quality and material of the product. The problem in the case of medium involvement purchase requires an adequate amount of information and a good amount of time for comparing the similar products. In this case the marketer must come up with effective promotional campaigns to influence the decision of the purchasers. The low involvement purchase decision gives rise to the issue of lack of loyalty. In this case the marketer requires creating and maintaining brand reliability among